singerspassion

Music expresses feeling and thought, without language; it was below and before speech, and it is above and beyond all words.

Raag Bihag

Bihag is a Hindustani classical raga.

Theory

Writing about the musical theory of Indian classical music is fraught with complications. First of all, there have been no set, formal methods of written notation. Indian music is an aural tradition, and therefore writing is not an essential part of attaining talim (knowledge).

Arohana and Avarohana

Arohana

    ‘Ni Sa Ga ma Pa Ni Sa’

Avarohana

    Sa’ Ni (Dha) Pa Ma Pa Ga ma Ga Re Sa

Vadi and Samavadi

Vadi

    The Vadi note is Ga.

Samavadi

    The Samavadi note is Ni.

Pakad or Chalan

Bihag uses both shuddha Ma (ma) and teevra Ma (Ma).

    It has the pakad Pa Ma Pa Ga ma Ga.

Both R and D are never used in ascent, but always on the way down. That is,

    Pa Ni Dha Pa Ma Pa Ga ma Ga Re Sa

or

    Ni Sa Ni Dha Pa Ma Pa Ga ma Ga Re Sa

Organization and relationships

Related ragas: Maru Bihag, Bihagra.

Bihag is usually assigned to the Thaat Bilaval, but if Teevra Madhyam is given more importance, Bihag seems to be more akin to Kalyan Thaat.

Behavior

Behavior refers to practical aspects of the music. It is complicated to talk about this for Hindustani music since many of the concepts are fluid, changing, or archaic. The following information cannot be accurate, but it can attempt to reflect how the music existed.

Samay (Time)

Bihag is played in the night (second quarter of night).

Seasonality

Certain ragas have seasonal associations.

Songs based on Raag Bihag:

  • Koi gata, main so jata – Alaap
  • Banke chakori gori, jhum jhum nachegi
  • Tere sur aur mere geet – Goonj Uthi Shahanai
  • Tere pyar men dildar – Mere Mehboob
  • Bole re surili boliyan – Grih  Pravesh 
  • Tum murli madhur bajao
  • Ai dil beqarar jhum – Shah Jahan
  • Hamare dilse na jana, dhokha na khana – Udan Khatola 
  • Chalenge tir jab dil par – Kohinoor
  • Zindagi ke safar men gujar jate hain jo makam – Aap Ki Kasam
  • Pal bhar ki pahechan aapse – A non-film song by Manna Day
  • Yeh kya jagah hai doston – Umrao Jaan
  • Meri ladli re, meri ladli – Andaaz(old)

Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan Sahib Raag Bihag

Zindagi Ke Safar Mein Guzar Jaate Hain Jo Muqaam

Tere sur aur mere geet – Lata Mangeshkar

Film Uran Khatola – Hamare Dil Se Na Jana Dhoka Na Khana

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This entry was posted on March 14, 2013 by in Uncategorized.
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