Music expresses feeling and thought, without language; it was below and before speech, and it is above and beyond all words.
Bihag is a Hindustani classical raga.
Writing about the musical theory of Indian classical music is fraught with complications. First of all, there have been no set, formal methods of written notation. Indian music is an aural tradition, and therefore writing is not an essential part of attaining talim (knowledge).
Arohana and Avarohana
‘Ni Sa Ga ma Pa Ni Sa’
Sa’ Ni (Dha) Pa Ma Pa Ga ma Ga Re Sa
Vadi and Samavadi
The Vadi note is Ga.
The Samavadi note is Ni.
Pakad or Chalan
Bihag uses both shuddha Ma (ma) and teevra Ma (Ma).
It has the pakad Pa Ma Pa Ga ma Ga.
Both R and D are never used in ascent, but always on the way down. That is,
Pa Ni Dha Pa Ma Pa Ga ma Ga Re Sa
Ni Sa Ni Dha Pa Ma Pa Ga ma Ga Re Sa
Organization and relationships
Related ragas: Maru Bihag, Bihagra.
Bihag is usually assigned to the Thaat Bilaval, but if Teevra Madhyam is given more importance, Bihag seems to be more akin to Kalyan Thaat.
Behavior refers to practical aspects of the music. It is complicated to talk about this for Hindustani music since many of the concepts are fluid, changing, or archaic. The following information cannot be accurate, but it can attempt to reflect how the music existed.
Bihag is played in the night (second quarter of night).
Certain ragas have seasonal associations.
Songs based on Raag Bihag: