Music expresses feeling and thought, without language; it was below and before speech, and it is above and beyond all words.
Desh also Raag Desh is a Hindustani classical raga. The raga is of Audav-sampurna nature, i.e., in its arohana (ascent) only five notes are used, whereas the avarohana (descent) uses all the seven notes. Shuddha Ni is used in the arohana, while Komal Ni (represented as ni below) is used in avarohana. All other swaras are shuddha.
Aaroha: Sa Re, Ma Pa Ni,Sa
Avroha: Sa ,ni Dha Pa,Ma Ga Re, Ga Ni Sa
Pakad: Re, Ma Pa Ni, Sa Re ni Dha Pa,ma ga re
Vadi Swar: Pa
Samvadi Swar: Re
Thaat: Khamaj Thaat
The raga is to be sung during the first quarter of the night (ratri pratham prahar).
Re is very prominent, quite a few times the singer rests on Re, making it a centre to the melody. The Meend from Ma to Re via Ga is one of the most vital features of the raga. The arohana via shuddha Ni, and the transition from Re to komal Ni in the avorahana form an important part of the melodies in this raga. Further, Desh is quite close to neighboring ragas like Tilak kamod, and hence requires skilful rendition to separate itself.
Songs based on Raag Desh: