Music expresses feeling and thought, without language; it was below and before speech, and it is above and beyond all words.
Vande Mataram – Vande Mātaram – literally – “I bow to thee, Mother” – is a poem from Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay’s 1882 novel Anandamath. It was written in Bengali and Sanskrit.
It is a hymn to the Mother Land . It played a vital role in the Indian independence movement, first sung in a political context by Rabindranath Tagore at the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress.
In 1950 (after India’s independence), the song’s first two verses were given to the official status of the “national song” of the Republic of India, distinct from the national anthem of India, Jana Gana Mana.